语法填空(3) 2019年高考英语一轮复习Word版含解析_中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」




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语法填空(3) 2019年高考英语一轮复习Word版含解析

中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」来源: https://www.gxfz.org 2019-11-20 19:23数学 803 ℃
语法,填空,2019年,高考,英语,一轮,复习,Word, 2018年11月30日
考点  语法填空(3)
高考频度:★★★★★ 难易程度:★★★★☆

(2018·新课标全国卷III)  I'm not sure _____61_____ is more frightened, me or the female gorilla(大猩猩)that suddenly appears out of nowhere. I'm walking on a path in the forest in the Central African Republic. Unexpectedly, I'm face-to-face with the gorilla, who begins screaming at ____62____ top of her lungs. That makes her baby scream, and then a 400-pound male appears. He screams the___63___(loud)of all. The noise shakes the trees as the male beats his chest and charges toward me. I quickly lower myself, ducking my head to avoid ____64____(look) directly into his eyes so he doesn't feel____65____(challenge).
My name is Mireya Mayor. I'm a ___66___(science)who studies animals such as apes and monkeys. I was searching ___67___ these three western lowland gorillas I'd been observing. No one had seen them for hours, and my colleagues and I were worried.
When the gorillas and I frightened each other, I was just glad to find ____68____(they) alive. True to a gorilla's unaggressive nature, the huge animal ____69____(mean)me no real harm. He was just saying: "I'm king of this forest, and here is your reminder。" Once his message was delivered, he allowed me ____70____ (stay)and watch.

【文章大意】本文为记叙文。文章主要讲述了作者在中非偶遇大猩猩,彼此惊恐的经历。
61. which/who

【解析】考查宾语从句。
句意:我不确定哪一个/谁更害怕,我,还是突然出现的雌性大猩猩。此处为宾语从句,所以用which表示“哪一个/谁”

64. looking

【解析】考查动词。动词avoid后要加doing。此处表示避免直接看他的眼睛。用looking。
65. challenged

【解析】考查非谓语。根据语境可知,此处表示不直视他的眼睛,他就不会感到被挑战性。feel为系动词,表示“被挑战”,用过去分词challenged。
65. scientist

【解析】考查名词。根据语境可知,我是一名科学家。scientist科学家。

68. them

【解析】考查代词。此处做find 的宾语,所以用宾格them。
69. meant

【解析】考查谓语动词。分析本句的句子成分可知,本句缺少谓语,再根据总体时态可知要用一般过去时,所以用meant。
70. to stay

【解析】考查非谓语动词。
固定短语allow sb to do允许某人做某事,应该用to stay。

【应试必备】
语法填空的考查范围:
1语境(上下文);
2语法:动词(时态、语态、主谓一致、非谓语形式)、名词、代词、冠词、介词、连词固定搭配、情态动词、复合句、形容词和副词的比较级最高级及构词法、倒装等。
语法填空的能力要求:
1.阅读/理解语篇的能力
2.分析句子结构的能力
3.熟练运用语法的能力
4.单词拼写能力和逻辑推理能力等,对中下层考生来说,难度较大。
高考英语语法填空秒杀法
语法填空秒杀法2. 根据逻辑关系进行填充
就是根据上下文的逻辑关系来解题。

语法填空秒杀法3. 根据语篇标志进行填充
语篇是指比单个句子长的语言单位(句群、段落、篇章等)。语篇间往往有标明内在联系的词,我们称这些词为“语篇标志词”。如表示结构层次的有first, second, third, finally等;表示逻辑关系的有thus,therefore,so等;表示转折关系或变换话题的有however, but, by the way等。“语篇标志词”对迅速理清文章的脉络,弄清上下文关系很有帮助。
语法填空秒杀法4. 根据固定词组进行填充
熟练掌握一些常见的词组,如as a matter of, be proud of, by the way, come from, congratulate...on..., devote...to..., earn one?蒺s living, keep one’s word, make up one’s mind等,对解题很有帮助。
语法填空秒杀法5. 根据句型搭配进行填充
就是根据一些常用的句型搭配,如so/such...that..., it is...(for sb.) to do sth, there is no doubt that..., there is no sense in doing sth.等来解题。

语法填空秒杀法6. 根据词汇知识进行填充
指根据某些词语在用法上的特殊搭配来解题。如下列各类动词必须牢记:只能接动词的-ing形式作宾语的动词,只能接to do作宾语的动词,接to do作补语的动词,接do作补语的动词,接doing或done作补语的动词,对句式搭配要求较为特别的词语,等等。

语法填空秒杀法7. 根据生活常识进行填充
语法填空秒杀法8. 根据文化背景进行填充
如After the flood Mr. Deng was as poor as a church_______.这句话的意思是“水灾后邓先生一贫如洗了”。as poor as a church mouse(一贫如洗),所以此处填mouse。


(一)Body and Food
Our body, which has close relations with the food that we eat  1  our daily life, is the most important thing that we own, so our body  2 (need) proper treatment and proper nourishment (营养).
The old saying "An apple a day keeps the doctor away" is not as silly as some people think. The body needs fruit  3  vegetables, such as apples, pears, banana, carrots and cabbages, because they contain vitamin C,  4  is very necessary and important to us all. It’s clear that a lack of vitamin C can make people ill and weak easily.
In order to get enough needed vitamins, many people take extra vitamins in pill form,  5 (believe) that these will make them  6  (health). But a good diet is made up of nourishing food and this gives all the vitamins that we need. The body doesn’t need or use extra vitamins, so why waste money on them?
Nowadays many people are too busy to bother about eating properly. They throw anything into their __7__ (stomach), eating something carelessly and  8  (hurried). The list of illnesses  9 (cause)or made worse by bad eating habits is frightening. It is high time that we should realize the importance of having a good diet. If not, it is impossible for  10  (we) to keep fit and strong.

(二)
For centuries, everybody knows laughter is the best medicine. Besides bringing joy, the doctor also   1  (believe) that laughter helps release stress, which is the cause of many diseases.
The celebration of World Laughter Day is   2  (mean) to bring good health, joy and world peace. It is a special day that can   3  (celebrate) annually by anyone on the first Sunday of May. All people need to do is laugh aloud and wildly. The fun event was started  4  Indian physician, Dr, Madan Kataria.。

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