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高考英语常见书信类型

中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」来源: https://www.gxfz.org 2019-11-20 19:29数学 512 ℃
高考,英语,常见,书信,类型,写作,邮件,文体,写作
1. 邮件
文体概述:邮件是一种用电子手段提供信息交换的通信方式,是互联网应用最广泛的服务。电子邮件可以是文字、图像、声音等多种形式,它的格式与书面信件的格式一样,常有称呼、正文、结束语、姓名和日期等。
在写电子邮件时,须具备以下几点内容:1. 自我介绍或写信的背景和目的。
2. 邮件的具体内容。3. 表明期望或客套话。

范文:
假定你是新华中学的学生李华,你的美国朋友Tom一周前给你发电子邮件,询问你暑假里的打算,但你因准备期末考试未能及时回复。
请你根据下面要求给他回一封邮件,要点如下:
1. 未及时回信的原因。
2. 你假期的打算(如做兼职、旅行、做志愿者等)。

注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。
Dear Tom,
I’m so sorry that I haven’t replied to your last email in time because I have been busy preparing for my final exam. Certainly, I’d like to tell you something about my plan for the coming summer holiday. On the one hand, I’ll make some money in this way. On the other hand, I’ll gain some work experience. Besides, I’ll go to visit Mount Tai with my friends, enjoying the beautiful scenery of my motherland.
What about your summer holiday? If possible, I’d like to invite you to join us, going traveling together. I’m sure we’ll have a great time.
As you know, our summer holiday will last about 8 weeks, so I’ve intended to do something as follows. First, I plan to do a part-time job in a KFC restaurant for a month.
I’m looking forward to your early reply.
Yours,
Li Hua
2. 感谢信
文体概述:感谢信是指在日常学习和生活中,当收到馈赠、邀请、赴宴、照顾、慰问、祝贺时,给对方道谢的信件。
感谢信应写得真诚、具体、及时。通常包括以下内容:感谢的原因→对方给予的帮助或礼物→对方的作用和对自己的意义→给出细节→再次致谢。
范文:
假定你是李华,现在是华南师范大学(South China Normal University)大一新生你高三时在王老师的帮助下,英语进步很大,为表示感谢,给王老师写一封感谢信。
要点如下:
1. 梦想成真,考上理想大学。
2. 因为王老师的辅导和鼓励,英语由差变好。
3. 对老师表示祝福。

注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。
Dear Mr. Wang,
I am writing to express my thanks for helping me improve my English. Without your help, I would not be a student of South China Normal University. I still remember the days when you taught me English in Grade 3 of senior school. My English was once poor, but you were very patient with me and tried to tutor me after class. My English was greatly improved because of your encouragement. Without your help, I wouldn’t have realized my dream. I wish more and more of your students could go to their ideal colleges. Wish you have a healthy body and lead a happy life。

Again, I sincerely thank you for your help。
Yours,
Li Hua
3. 道歉信
文体概述:道歉信是指因过失或疏忽等做错了事,给别人带来了麻烦或损失,发觉后给对方赔礼道歉并请求对方原谅的信件。通常包括以下三部分内容:
1. 开门见山,表明写信目的,表示歉意。
2. 说明出现差错的原因,提出弥补措施。
3. 再次致歉,请求原谅,希望得到理解(语言要诚挚,解释的理由要真实)。

范文:
假定你是李华,你的美国老师Mr. Evans要求你们明天下午去听一个英国历史的讲座。你因故不能参加。请你写一封信向Mr. Evans道歉并说明情况。
要点如下:
1. 表示歉意。
2. 理由:父亲去北京出差,母亲生病住院需要人照顾。
3. 询问:是否有录音,以便补听讲座。
注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。

Dear Mr. Evans,
I am indeed sorry to tell you that I won’t be able to attend the lecture on English history tomorrow afternoon. My mother suddenly fell ill and was taken to hospital last night and my father is on a business trip to Beijing now. I am afraid that I will have to take care of her these days.
However, I am actually very interested in English society and history. I wonder if it is possible for the talk to be recorded, and if so, could I borrow the tape? It would mean a great deal to me to listen to the tape and learn what is covered in the talk.
Please allow me to say sorry again. I sincerely hope that you will be able to understand my situation and accept my apology.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua
4. 祝贺信
文体概述:祝贺信是指在日常生活中,得知同学或朋友竞赛获奖、考上大学、结婚、过新年或重大节日等,给对方祝贺的信件。书写时应做到真诚、自然、亲切动人。祝贺信通常包括
以下内容:祝贺事由→所取得的成绩→被祝贺人过去的努力→被祝贺人的优点→表达自己的愿望。
范文:
假定你是李华,得知你的外国笔友Peter获得了“汉语桥”世界大学生中文演讲比赛一等奖。
你为他感到骄傲,并给他写一封祝贺信,要点如下:
1. 天天练习讲汉语,从不会到流利,终于成功。
2. 继续努力,有机会来中国留学。
3. 希望见面和交流。
注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。
参考词汇:“汉语桥”世界大学生中文演讲比赛 “Chinese Bridge” Chinese speech contest
Dear Peter,
I would like to express my congratulations to you on your receiving the first prize of “Chinese Bridge” Chinese speech contest. I know that you were not good at Chinese at first. However, you practiced speaking Chinese every day. As the saying goes, “Everything comes to him who waits”. Finally, you succeeded。 In my mind, this match is very difficult for a foreign student. So I’m so surprised that you become champion of this competition. If you go on studying Chinese harder, you will have the opportunity to study in China. At last, I hope to see you and communicate with each other.
Sincere congratulations to you again。

Yours,
Li Hua
5. 建议信
文体概述: 建议信是向别人提出合理的建议,让对方接受自己的想法、主张,解决有关问题。建议信不是投诉信,观点要合情合理,注意礼貌当先。
同时,建议信要简洁明确、理由充足,具有合理性和说服力。通常包括:
1. 说明写信目的。

2. 提出建议与改进措施并给予忠告。
3. 表达希望采纳建议并期盼回复。
范文:
假定你是李华,最近你们班从英国转来了一名新生Jenny。这是她第一次远离家乡,她很想念父母及家人,有时候思念至深,常常独自一个人深夜哭泣。对此,请你给Jenny写一封建议信,要点如下:
1. 鼓励Jenny坚定求学信念,志存高远,四海为家。
2. 就Jenny的目前状况,提两到三个建议。
注意:1. 词数100左右。2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。
Dear Jenny,
I am so glad to have a talk with you. I understand your present situation for I have had a similar experience before.
People often miss their parents the first time they leave home. Most people do have to leave home for higher education or employment. I think you should realize that present separation will help with your academic development and your improvement of personal ability. Try to make friends on your school campus, and share ideas with your classmates who are physically closest to you now. Maybe you will still miss your parents, but your new friends will bring happiness and joy to your new life. Also I suggest you take an active part in different kinds of activities in school. You will get much pleasure from it.。

Tags: 邮件 书信 高考 文体 英语 写作 类型 常见

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