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2019高考英语阅读理解(现代科技)(含解析)

中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」来源: https://www.gxfz.org 2019-11-20 19:31数学 133 ℃
2019,高考,英语,阅读理解,现代科技,含,解析,(现代科技)
李仕才

【话题导读】灯柱伞是一种有雨水感应伞的灯柱,这样人们在忘记带雨伞时就不会挨淋了。
Lampbrella
You can’t always predict a heavy rain or remember your umbrella. ①But designer Mikhail Belvacv doesn’t think that forgetting to check the weather forecast before heading out should result in you getting wet. That’s why he created lampbrella, a lamp post with its own rain sensing umbrella.
The designer says he ②come up with the idea after watching people get wet on streets in Russia. “Once, I was driving on a central Saint Petersburg street ad saw the street lamps ③lighting up people trying to hide from the rain. I thought it would be appropriate to have a canopy built into a street lamp.” he said.
The lampbrella is a standard-looking street lamp fitted with an umbrella canopy. It has a built-in electric motor which can open or close the umbrella ④on demand. Sensors then ensure that the umbrella offers pedestrians shelter whenever it starts raining.
⑤In addition to the rain sensor, there’s also a 360° motion sensor on the fiberglass street lamp which detects whether anyone’s using the lampbrella. After three minutes of not being used the canopy is closed.
According to the designer, the lampbrella would move at a relatively low speed, so as not to cause harm to the pedestrians. Besides, it would be grounded to protect from possible lighting strike. Each lampbrella would offer enough shelter for several people. Being installed at 2 meters off the ground, it would only be a danger for the tallest of pedestrians.
While there are no plans to take lampbrella into production, Belyacv says he recently introduced his creation one Moscow Department, and insists this creation could be installed on my street where a lot of people walk but there are no canopies to provide shelter.
灯柱伞
你不会每次都预测到大雨到来或者记得带上雨伞。但设计师Mikhail Belvacv认为出门前忘记看天气预报不应该导致你淋湿。这就是他创造灯柱伞的原因,一种有雨水感应伞的灯柱。
设计师说他在俄罗斯街头看到人们被雨水淋湿之后提出了这个想法。“有一次,我在圣彼得堡中央街上开车,看到淋湿的人们躲到亮着的路灯下躲雨。我想在街灯上安装一盏伞蓬一定很合适。”他说。
灯柱伞是一盏外形标准的街灯配有一个雨伞蓬。
它内部有根据需要可自动开闭的电动马达。
传感器保证了无论何时下雨可向行人提供遮蔽。
除了下雨传感器,在玻璃纤维的街灯里也安装有可以检测是否有人需要灯柱伞的360°运动传感器。如果有三分钟没有人用她就会自动关闭。
据设计者称,灯柱伞会以相对低的速度移动,因此不会对行人造成伤害。除此之外,它会接地以避免可能的雷击。
每个路灯伞会为多位行人提供足够的遮蔽。它安装在离地面2米高的地方,它唯一的不足是可能给高个子行人带来危险。
尽管还没有把这种产品付诸生产的计划,Belyacv最近把他的发明介绍给了墨西哥政府并且坚持这个发明将会安装在我的街道上,因为那儿人流量大却并不提供避雨的檐篷。

重点单词:
1. canopy ['kænəpɪ] n. 天篷;华盖;遮篷
2. pedestrian [pi'destriən] n. 行人;步行者
3. fiberglass ['faɪbɚ,glæs] n. 玻璃纤维;玻璃丝
重点短语 / 亮点句式:
1. But designer Mikhail Belvacv doesn’t think that forgetting to check the weather forecast before heading out should result in you getting wet.
但设计师Mikhail Belvacv认为出门前忘记看天气预报不应该导致你淋湿。
该句中that forgetting to check the weather forecast before heading out should result in you getting wet为宾语从句,其中forgetting to check the weather forecast before heading out味宾语从句中的主语。
result in结果,导致。如:
My English teacher doesn’t know playing football is my hobby.
我的英语老师不知道踢足球是我的爱好。
A minimal error or deviation may result in wide divergence.
失之毫厘,谬以千里。
2. come up with追赶上;比得上;想出。
如:
I hope you can come up with a better plan than this.
我希望你们能提出一个比这个更好的计划。
I had to run to come up with her.
我不得不跑着去追她。
3. light up照亮;点烟;开街灯或车灯;(使)变得喜悦。
如:
Drivers who forget to light up at night often cause accidents.
晚上忘记开车灯的司机常常出车祸。
He took his time lighting up a cigarette.
他不慌不忙地点了一支烟。
Suddenly, I saw the Officer's face light up.
突然,我看到官员脸上露出了得意的神色。
4. on demand 要求。如:
Passengers must show their tickets on demand.
查票时乘客须出示车票。

5. in addition to除......之外。如:
In addition to French, he has to study Japanese.
除了法语外,他还得学日语。
名句背诵:
Imagination is more important than knowledge. (Einstein)
想象力比知识更为重要。(爱因斯坦)



【话题解读】
“现代科技”是高中新课程标准话题之一。该话题包括各领域最新科技知识、最新发明创造等方面。科技已经影响渗透到我们生活的方方面面,例如电视、电脑、手机、MP

3、火箭、卫星、宇宙飞船……好多好多,几天几夜都说不完。总之生活离不开科技,科技在为生活服务。点点滴滴,时时事事,科技无处不在。
“现代科技”话题是历年高考英语的必考话题,主要题型为阅读理解,体裁一般为说明文,分值所占比重也比较高。

【相关词汇】
I.写作单词
re v.获得,得到
2. advance v.进展;进步; n.进展;进步;前进→ advanced adj.先进的,高级的
3. advantage n.优点
4. challenge n.挑战 
5. convenient adj.便利的,方便的→ convenience n.方便,便利
6. debate n.& v.争论 
7. explore vt.探索→ exploration n.检测;探险
8. expose vt.揭露
9. matter vi.有关系;要紧 
10. predict v.预言;预先;预报→ prediction n.预测,预告→ predictor n.预言家
11. disturb vt.打扰;扰乱;使心神不宁
12. provide vt.提供
13. replace v.取代 
14. support vt.& n.支持,赞助→ supporter n.支持者;拥护者
Ⅱ.阅读识记单词 
vt. 采访;报道;遮掩;盖上
hrough n .重大进展,突破
ast n .广播节目;vt. 广播
t vt. 连接,把„„联系起来
ience n .方便
ad v.下载
ment n.实验
e n.特写;花絮
n .地球仪;地球
l adj. 有希望的;有前途的
t adj. 立即的;即时的 
igent adj. 智能的→ intelligence n.智力;理解力
adj. 移动的  。

Tags: 现代科技 高考 2019 阅读理解 英语 解析

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