2011-2018高考英语语法填空真题及答案_中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」




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2011-2018高考英语语法填空真题及答案

中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」来源: https://www.gxfz.org 2019-11-20 20:32数学 391 ℃
2011-2018,高考,英语,语法,填空,真题,及,答案,历年高考语法填空真题
According to a review of evidence in a medical journal, runners live three years 61       
(long) than non-runners. You don’t have to run fast or for long 62      (see) the benefit. You may drink, smoke, be overweight and still reduce your risk of 63 ________ (die) early by running.
While running regularly can’t make you live forever, the review says it 64    (be) more effective at lengthening life 65    walking, cycling or swimming. Two of the authors of the review also made a study published in 2014    66    showed a mere five to 10 minutes a day of running reduced the risk of heart disease and early deaths from all 67    (cause).
The best exercise is one that you enjoy and will do. But otherwise ... it’s probably running. To avoid knee pain, you can run on soft surfaces, do exercises to 68    (strength) your leg muscles (肌肉),avoid hills and get good running shoes. Running is cheap, easy and it’s always 69     
(energy). If you are time poor, you need run for only half the time to get the same benefits as other sports, so perhaps we should all give 70    a try.
2. (2018全国卷II)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Diets have changed in china-and so too has its top crop. Since 2011, the country 61____ (grow) more corn than rice。 Corn production has jumped nearly 125 percent over __62  __ past 25 years, while rice has increased only 7 percent.
A taste for meat is 63 _____(actual) behind the change: An important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle. Another reason for corn's rise: The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice 64_________(improve) water quality. Corn uses less water _65_____ rice and creates less fertilizer (化肥)runoff. This switch has decreased 66________ (pollute)in the country's major lakes and reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people.
According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total 67______(globe) fertilizer consumption. The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture finds that between 2005-when the government  68______  (start) a soil-testing program 69_________ gives specific fertilizer recommendations to farmers- and 2011, fertilizer use dropped by 7.7 million tons. That prevented the emission(排放) of 51.8 million tons of carbon dioxide. China's approach to protecting its environment while 70 _____ (feed) its citizens “offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers worldwide,” says the bank's Juergen Voegele.
3. (2018全国卷III)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
I'm not sure   61  is more frightened, me or the female gorilla(大猩猩) that suddenly appears out of nowhere. I'm walking on a path in the forest in the Central African Republic. Unexpectedly, I'm face-to-face with the gorilla, who begins screaming at    62    top of her lungs. That makes her baby scream, and then a 400-pound male appears. He screams the    63    (loud) of all. The noise shakes the trees as the male beats his chest and charges toward me. I quickly lower myself, ducking my head to avoid    64    (look) directly into his eyes so he doesn't feel    65    (challenge).
My name is Mireya Mayor. I'm a   66    (science) who studies animals such as apes and monkeys. I was searching    67  these three western lowland gorillas I'd been observing. No one had seen them for hours, and my colleagues and I were worried.
When the gorillas and I frightened each other, I was just glad to find   68  (they) alive. True to gorilla's unaggressive nature, the huge animal    69  (mean) no real harm. He was just saying: “I'm king of this forest, and here is your reminder。
” Once his message was delivered, he allowed me    70    (stay) and watch.
4.(2017全国Ⅰ)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

There has been a recent trend in the food service industry toward lower fat content and less salt. This trend, which was started by the medical community(医学界)    61      a method of fighting heart disease, has had some unintended side    62    (effect) such as overweight and heart disease—the very thing the medical community was trying to fight.
Fat and salt are very important parts of a diet. They are required    63    (process) the food that we eat, to recover from injury and for several other bodily functions. When fat and salt    64    (remove) from food, the food tastes as if is missing something. As   65  result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing. Even     66    (bad),  the amount of fast food that people eat goes up. Fast food     67    (be) full of fat and salt; by   68  (eat) more fast food people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet.
Having enough fat and salt in your meals will reduce the urge to snack(吃点心) between meals and will improve the taste of your food. However, be     69    (care) not to go to extremes. Like anything, it is possible to have too much of both,     70  is not good for the health.。

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