高考英语知识点总结(超全版)_中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」




主页 > 高中 > 数学 > 正文

高考英语知识点总结(超全版)

中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」来源: https://www.gxfz.org 2019-11-20 20:33数学 980 ℃
高考,英语,知识点,总结,超全版,1.a,great,good,
1.a great/good many: a large number of许多。修饰可数名词复数。
I’m quite busy. I have a great many things to do. 我很忙,我有很多事要做。
若复数名词前有限定词或其修饰的为代词时,应加of .   
①A great many of the books have been sold out. 已经卖了很多书了。
②A great many of them are out of work.他们很多人失业了。
(可以的,有能力的,可能的)①He is an able man.那人本事不小。
enable(v)使……能
②We must learn more to enable us to face all the difficulties.我们要多学知识以便能面对各种困难。
disable:有残疾的,不能干的;the disabled表示一类人(残疾人)
able作词辍时
①可以……的,值得……的(有被动含义)
eatable可食用的,measurable可以测量、估计的;readable可读的
②其他含义:conformable舒适的、安逸的;suitable 合适的,恰当的
, over, on
三个词都可以表示“在……上“,但用法不同。
On表示与某物体表面接触;over表示在某物体垂直的上方,含“布满、覆盖、跨越”之意,与under 相对;above表示位置高于,但不一定垂直,与below相对。注意:与数字、数量、长度词连用时,多用over,同more than。如:over10,000people一万多人;表示年龄、刻度多用above,如a man above fifty五十开外的人;above zero零度以上。
习惯用语:well above average远在一般以上;above sea-level海拔以上;the one above上面的一个;above all首先,尤其重要的是;over there 那边;all over 遍及;over again 再一遍;over and over再三地
[应用]介词填空
①There lay an umbrella_______the table and some raincoats _____it.
②The mother held an umbrella______the boy’s head so that the sun wouldn’t burn him.
③ There seemed to be a war and many planes were flying____the city.
④The moon was______the trees in the east.
Key:①on,under ②over ③over ④above
above all 首先,特别是,最重要的是
after all 到底,毕竟
at all (用来加强语气)与not连用,表示“一点也不,完全不”。
in all  总共
all but 几乎,差点没(=almost,nearly)
①We have all but finished the work.
②The day turned out fine after all.
③Children need many things ,but above all they need love.
④He wasn’t at all tired.
⑤Do you feel ill at all(真的,确实)。
⑥There were twenty in all at the party.
accident/event/ incident
event一般指重大事件。accident多指意外或偶然发生的事故,特别是不幸的、有损害性的事故。
incident相对于accident来说,显得不很重要,指“小事件”,它还可以用来表示“事变”,如叛乱、爆炸等。如:
The broadcaster is broadcasting the news on current events.广播员正在播报时事新闻。
He was badly injured in the traffic accident.在那起交通事故中,他严重受伤。

There was an incident on the bus: a man fought with the conductor.那辆公共汽车上发生了一件事,有个人和售票员打了起来。
Have you heard of Xi’an Incident?你听说过“西安事变”吗。

admit vt.①接纳,许可……进入(allow sb./ enter)
He was admitted to the school this two hundred boys and girls are admitted to our school every year.
②承认,后可接名词,doing、从句或复合结构。
I admit my fault. She admitted having read the letter. He admitted that his comprehension was weak.
You must admit the task to be difficult.
advice建议;劝告。是不可数名词,“一条建议”应用a piece of advice。常用结构。
give (on)/give advice给某人提(关于……的)建议;忠告某人。
ask(sb.)for advice征求(某人的)意见。
①Marx gave us some good advice on how to learn a foreign language.
关于如何学好外语,马克思给我们提了些好建议。
②If you take /follow my advice, you’ll pass the exam.如果你听从我的建议,你会考试及格的。
③Let’s ask our teacher for some advice.咱们征求一下老师的意见吧。
admire(= respect / praise)vt.羡慕,钦佩,夸奖
admire sb.(for sth.)佩服某人某事
Visitors to Beijing greatly admire our Palace Museum.  去北京的游人极其羡慕我们的故宫。

I admire him for his wisdom.我佩服他的智慧。  别忘了夸奖孩子。
对比:envy(= jealous)vt.嫉妨,羡慕
envy sb.(sth.)嫉妒/羡慕某人某事  We all envy you your good future.  我们都很羡慕你的好运。
advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事(suggest不这样用)。
①I advise you to take the chance.我建议你抓住机会。

②—What do you advise me to do?你建议我怎么办。

—I advise you not to lose heart; just keep on.我劝你不要灰心,继续干。
advise 还可同suggest一样,后接名词、代词、动名词(短语)和that从句(用虚拟语气)作宾语。
①—What would you advise?你有什么建议吗。
—I advise you an early start我建议你早点出发。

②I advise holding a metting to discuss the problem.我建议召开一次会议来讨论这个问题。
③I advise you (should) go to once.我建议你马上去。

advise ,persuade 
persuade sb. to do sth.意为“说服某人做某事”,强调劝说成功,说服;advise sb. to do sth. 意为“劝说某人做某事”,不涉及劝说是否有效,相当于try to persuade sb. to do sth.。如:
The doctor persuaded my father to give up smoking.医生说服我爸爸戒了烟。
The doctor advised my father to give up smoking, but failed.
医生劝我爸爸戒烟,但没成功。
advise; suggest
advise 与suggest 都可作“建议”讲,二者用法有同有异。
(1)相同点 表示建议做某事,advise与suggest都可采用下列三种句型:
① + 名词
② + 动名词
③ + that从句(从句中常用should加动词原形,should可以省略。)
eg. He advised/ suggested an early start.
He advised/ suggested (our) starting early.
He advised/ suggested that we (should) start early.
(注:只要是用从句表示建议该做的事,从句中就可用“should+动词原形”,should可以省略。
)上面的第三句可转化为:
It was suggested that we (should) start early.
What he suggested was that we(should) start early.
His suggestion was that we (should) start early.
(2)不同点
①advise后可以跟人称代词作宾语,而suggest后不可以跟人称代词作宾语。故可以说:
advise sb. to do sth.; advise sb. against (doing) sth.; advise sb. on/ about sth.; suggest(to sb.)that...
前三种结构中不可将advise改为suggest,如:。

Tags: 超全版 1.a great 高考 Goo 英语 知识点 总结

本文来自网友上传,不代表本网站立场,转载请注明出处:https://www.gxfz.org/114975.html
  • 站长推荐
热门标签