短文改错-2019年高考真题和模拟题_中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」




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短文改错-2019年高考真题和模拟题

中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」来源: https://www.gxfz.org 2019-11-20 20:35数学 528 ℃
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2019年高考英语真题和模拟题分项汇编
专题09 短文改错
一、2019年高考真题
1. 【2019·全国卷I】
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:
1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
I became interesting in playing football thanks to a small accident. One afternoon where I was in primary school, I was walking by the school playground. Suddenly football fell just in front of me but almost hit me. I stopped the ball and kicked it hardly back to the playground. To everyone`s surprising, the ball went into the net. All the football player on the playground cheered loudly, say that I had a talent for football. From now on, I started to play my football with classmates after school. I am a good player now.

【答案】
I became in playing football thanks to a small accident. One afternoon I was in primary school, I was walking by the school playground. Suddenly football fell just in front of me almost hit me.
I stopped the ball and kicked it back to the playground. To everyone’s , the ball went into the net. All the football on the playground cheered loudly, that I had a talent for football. From on, I started to play football with classmates after school. I am a good player now.

【语篇解读】这是一篇记叙文。
作者讲述了由于一次偶然的经历,自己喜欢上了踢足球。从此成了一名优秀球员。

第一处:
【解析】考查形容词用法。“interest(使感兴趣;使关注)”的形容词有interesting(使人感兴趣的)常修饰物;与interested(表现出兴趣的)常修饰人。
本句的意思为:多亏一个偶然的事件,我对踢足球产生了兴趣。主语是I,故将interesting改为interested。

第二处:
【解析】考查定语从句。先行词one  afternoon表示时间在定语从句中作状语,所以关系词使用when。
故将where改为when。
第三处:
【解析】考查冠词。名词football为可数名词,前边需要有限定词。这里football第一次出现,故在football前加a。
第四处:
【解析】考查连词。句意:突然一个足球落在我前边并且差点打到我。“足球落下来”与“打到我”两个动作是顺承关系,不是转折关系。故将but改为and。

第五处:
【解析】考查副词。“hard(努力地;费力地)”与“hardly(几乎不;几乎没有)”都为副词,但是词义不同。本句意思为:我挡住足球,并使劲地将它踢回操场。故将hardly改为hard。
第六处:
【解析】考查固定搭配。“to one’s + 名词”在句中表示结果,“to one’s  surprise”意思为“使某人惊讶的是…”。
故将surprising改为surprise。
第七处:
【解析】考查名词的数。
“player(运动员)”为可数名词,所以all(所有的)后需要用player的复数形式。故将player改为players。

第八处:
【解析】考查现在分词。本句句意:操场上所有的足球运动员大声欢呼,说我有足球天赋。
句中谓语动词为cheered,say在这里作伴随状语。与主语players是主动关系,故将say改为saying。
第九处:
【解析】考查固定搭配。
句意:从那时开始,我放学后跟同学一起踢足球。且“from now on(从现在开始)”后边句子应该表示从现在开始所发生动作或存在的情况,不能用一般过去时。此处后面是一般过去时,表示“从那时起”是from then on,故将now改为then。

第十处:
【解析】考查固定搭配。“踢足球”的英语表达为“play football”,中间不能加冠词或者代词。故将my去掉。
2.
【2019·全国卷II】
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。
文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:
1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Since I was a kid, I`ve considered different job I would like to do. First, I wanted to be a fireman, whose uniform looked so coolly. Then, when I was in the five grade, I wanted to be a teacher because I liked my English teacher too much. When I studied chemistry high school, I reconsidered mg goal or decided to be a doctor. They were two reasons for the decision. One was that I was amazing at the fact that a sick person could feel much more better after seeing a doctor. And the other is that I wanted to help people in need.

【答案】
Since I was a kid, I’ve considered different I would like to do. First, I wanted to be a fireman, whose uniform looked so . Then, when I was in the grade, I wanted to be a teacher because I liked my English teacher much. When I studied chemistry high school, I reconsidered my goal decided to be a doctor. were two reasons for the decision. One was that I was at the fact that a sick person could feel much better after seeing a doctor. And the other that I wanted to help people in need.

【语篇解读】这是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了从小到大自己的职业梦想随着求学经历不断改变的过程。

第一处:
【解析】考查名词的数。“job(工作;职业)”为可数名词,用different(不同的)修饰时意思为不同种类的工作,应该用名词的复数形式。
故将job改为jobs。
第二处:
【解析】考查形容词的用法。
句中的“looked(看起来…样)”为系动词,系动词后需用形容词作表语。故将coolly改为cool。

第三处:
【解析】考查序数词。年级、班级是按数字顺序排列的,所以“在几年级”中的数词需要用序数词。故将five改为fifth。

第四处:
【解析】考查副词。
句意:在五年级的时候,因为我非常喜欢我的英语老师,所以我想变成一名老师。
“so much”在句中一般表达肯定意思,可与that连用表示“如此…以至于”。而“too much”表太多,一般与to搭配,表达否定意思“太…以至于不能…”。本句话表达肯定意思,非常so much 或very much,故将too改为very/so。

第五处:
【解析】考查介词。
“在高中”需要用介词in或者at,故在high school前加in/at。
第六处:
【解析】考查连词。句意:在高中学化学的时候,我重新考虑了自己的目标并决定变成一名医生。 “重新考虑”与“决定变成一名医生”之间是顺承关系,不是选择关系。故将or改为and。

第七处:
【解析】考查there be句型。句意:有两个原因可以解释这个决定。句中的they在前边句中找不到指代关系,且后边句子中的one与the other是对这两个原因的解释。故将they改为there。

第八处:
【解析】考查形容词用法。“amaze(使惊奇;使惊愕)”形容词形式有amazed(大为惊奇)与amazing(令人大为惊奇的)。
本句话中主语为I,句意:病人看完医生就会感觉好很多,对此我感到惊奇,而不是我令别人惊奇。故将amazing改为amazed。
第九处:
【解析】考查形容词比较级。句中better为well(健康;身体好)的比较级形式,多音节的形容词或副词构成比较级用more 加形容词或副词,即more不能与berrer连用。
故将more去掉。
第十处:
【解析】考查一般过去时。本篇文章使用的全是一般过去时,且与最后一句并列的“one was that…”用的也是一般过去时,所以最后一句话时态应为一般过去时。讲述当时做决定时的原因。
故将is改为was。
3.
【2019·全国卷III】
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。
文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
I've had many dreams since I was a child. Now my dream is to opens a cafe. Though it may appear simple, it required a lot of ideas and efforts. What I want is not just an ordinarily cafe but a very special one. I want my cafe have a special theme such as like "Tang Dynasty". In the cafe, customers will enjoy yourselves in the historical environment what is created for them. If I succeed in manage one, I will open more. I wish to have a chain of cafes in many different city. Each of my cafes will have a different theme and an unique style.。

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