2019年高考真题英语(北京卷含解析)_中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」




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2019年高考真题英语(北京卷含解析)

中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」来源: https://www.gxfz.org 2019-11-20 20:36数学 763 ℃
2019年,高考,真题,英语,北京,卷含,解析,2019年,2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(北京卷)
英语
(考试时间:100分钟  试卷满分:120分)
考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试卷上作答无效。
考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
第一部分:知识运用(共两节,45分)
第一节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,共15分)
A
阅读下列短文,根据短文内容填空,在未给提示词的空白处仅填写1个适当的单词,在给出提示词的空白处用括号内所给词的正确形式填空。
On the first day of my first grade,I stood by the door with butterflies in my stomach. I ___1___(voice)my biggest concern to my mother. “How will I make friends?” She handed me advice. “Be yourself.” For the past 20 years. I have lived by these words. Soon I will graduate and become part of the real world. Nervously ___2___  (face) challenges. I know I will whisper to ___3___(I) the two simple words “Be yourself”.

【答案】1. voiced    2. facing    3. myself
这是一篇记叙文。
作者一年级对交友感到困惑,妈妈的建议Be yourself让他受益终身。
考查时态。句意:我向妈妈表达了我最大的担忧,“我将如何交朋友。”此处的voice是动词,“表达”的意思,作谓语。
叙述的是一年级的事情,用一般过去式。
故填voiced。
考查非谓语动词。句意:紧张地面对挑战,我知道我将轻声对自己说两个简单的字““Be yourself”。
分析句式可知,此处是做句子的状语,要用非谓语动词,其逻辑主语是I,与逻辑主语之间是主动关系,用现在分词作状语。故填facing。
考查代词。句意:紧张地面对挑战,我知道我将轻声对自己说两个简单的字““Be yourself”。本句的主语是I,当宾语与主语是同一人称时,宾语要用反身代词。故填myself。

B
阅读下列短文,根据短文内容填空,在未给提示词的空白处仅填写1个适当的单词,在给出提示词的空白处用括号内所给词的正确形式填空。
Earth Day,___4___(mark)on 22 April,is an annual event aiming to raise public awareness about environmental protection. First celebrated ___5___ 1970,the Day now includes events in more than 190 countries and regions(地区). No matter what you like to do,there is a way to get involved in various ___6___(activity) on Earth Day. You can plant a tree,make a meal with locally grown vegetables,or save power—the possibilities are endless.

【答案】4. marked    5. in    6. activities
这是一篇说明文。
文章介绍了地球日这一节日的历史和意义。
考查非谓语动词。句意:地球日于4月22日举行,是一项旨在提高公众环保意识的年度活动。分析句式可知,设空处是要做名词Earth Day的后置定语,且两者之间是被动关系,要用过去分词。
故填marked。
考查介词。句意:第一次庆祝是在1970年。如今,这一天的活动遍及190多个国家和地区。在年份前要用介词in。故填in。

考查名词。句意:无论你喜欢做什么,有一个方法可以让你参与地球日的各种活动。
根据设空前的修饰词various可知,此处要用名词的复数形式。故填activities。
C
阅读下列短文,根据短文内容填空,在未给提示词的空白处仅填写1个适当的单词,在给出提示词的空白处用括号内所给词的正确形式填空。
Does the name of the college you attend really matter。Research on the question ___7___(suggest)that,for most students,it doesn't. What students do at college seems to matter much more than ___8___ they go. The students benefitting most from college are those ___9___ are totally engaged(参与)in academic life,taking full advantage of the college’s chances and resources(资源).Students should have a proper attitude towards college before thinking about which college to attend, and it’s never too early to make necessary preparations for a healthy and ___10___(meaning)college experience.

【答案】7. suggests/suggested/has suggested   
8. where    9. who/that   
10. meaningful
这是一篇说明文。研究表明,大学的名气对学生来说并不重要,从大学生活中受益最多的是完全投入学术生活,充分利用大学机会和资源的学生。所以要以正确的态度来选择大学。
考查时态。
句意:对于这个问题的研究表明,对于大多数学生来说,它不重要。这里表示研究的客观结果,所以用一般现在时,一般过去时或现在完成时均可,故填suggests/suggested/has suggested。

考查宾语从句。句意:学生在大学里做什么似乎比去哪里(哪所大学)更重要。
这里表达去哪所大学,表示地点,作状语。
故用where。
考查定语从句。句意:从大学中获益最多的学生是那些完全投入学术生活的学生。___3___ are totally engaged(参与)in academic life.是定语从句,修饰先行词those,空格处在句中作主语,代指人,故填who或that。
考查形容词。
这里与前面的healthy并列,修饰后面的名词college experience,故此处也要用形容词。故填meaningful。
第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Regardless of the weather or the distance, Paul Wilson will make sure low-income students in his neighbourhood arrive at their college classes on time.
A retired engineer, 76-year-old Wilson has been ___11___ free rides to college students for the past eight years. Since he first started ___12___ his car to the young people. Wilson has ___13___ am astonishing 64, 000 miles, and has had countless pleasant and often humorous ___14___ with the students he transports to and from school. The students who he's ___15___ have gone on to become physicians, teachers and engineers, but what they've also got out of their time in school is finding a role model and a friend in Wilson. Some students ___16___ call him “Grandpa”.
Tina Stern ___17___ rides from Wilson for all her four years in college, and the trips meant much more to her than just free ___18___. "It's not just a ride;you're not just sitting there in ___19___ silence or with your headphones on.” Stern said. “He asks you questions and actually ___20___ the answers, so the next time you ride with him, he'll ___21___  those things."
Wilson first worked as a driver through a student-support programme of the non-profit organisation. On Point for College. Although the ___22___ asks the members only to drive students to and from their classes, Wilson often goes ___23___ to ensure the welfare and safety of the students. If they have problems with registration.
Wilson is there to ___24___ them. If they run out of certain daily necessities. Wilson will drive to the nearest store and purchase what's needed. If a student gets hungry on the long drives to and from school, Wilson never ___25___ to buy them a meal.。

Tags: 高考 卷含 北京 2019年 英语 真题 解析

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