2018年甘肃省白银市中考英语试题、答案中小学试题|家庭教育题库|辅导习题「中国戏曲学院附属中等戏曲学校」来源： https://www.gxfz.org 2020-04-07 17:45语文 242 ℃
2018年甘肃省白银市中考英语试题、答案 考生注意：本试卷不含听力，满分为150分，考试时间为120分钟。所有试题均在答题卡上作答，否则无效。 I.单词辨音(共5小题；每小题1分，满分5分) 1. A. act 2. A. relax 3. A. purple 4. A. game 5. A. them B. bag C. fact D. make D. tell D. hurt D. together D. think B. seven B. return B. gentleman B. with C. website C. surprise C. flag C. weather Ⅱ.语法与情景对话（共25小题；每小题1分；满分25分） 阅读下列各题，从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择一个最佳答案。
1. The man is driving at 40 kilometres_________ hour. A. a B. an C. the D. / 2. In every ________ there has to be some give-and-take. A. friendship B. instrument C. attention D. blackboard 3. There are many good teachers in_________ school. A. we B. him C. our D. themselves 4. Look at the picture on the right。 She is going________. A. into the library B. out of the post office C. into the supermarket D. out of the bank 5.----Can we play soccer here? -----No, you __________play it near the road. That’s too dangerous。
A. can B. may C. won’t D. mustn’t 6. I know his face _______ I can’t remember his name. A. and B. but C. or D. so 7. She _______ an English magazine when I came in.
A. reads B. had read C. will read D. was reading 8. ----Is dinner ready? ---Not________. A. already B. just C. yet D. ever 9. My two cousins decide _______a business together. A. to start B. starting C. start D. started 10. ---Hello, Sally。 Can I see Mr. Brown? ---______. I’ll tell him you are here. A. What a pity B. Just a minute C. Congratulations D. Never mind 11. The earth goes_________ the sun. A. around B. through C. between D. across 12. _______ pencil is this, Tom’s or Henry’s? A. What B When C. Who D. Whose 13. ----What are people supposed to do when they meet for the first time in the US? ---__________ A. They’re supposed to kiss each other. B. They’re supposed to bow C. They’re expected to shake hands. D. They’re expected to huh 14. Never put off___________ tomorrow what you can do today. A. until B. before C. when D. as 15. What lovely flowers。 Could you please tell me________? A. why did you get them B. where you got them C. when will you get them D. how will you get them 16.----I cant find my English textbook -----Is it possible that you________ it at home? A. lost B. saw C. left D. gave 17. The number “23,456”can be read as “________”. A. twenty-three thousand, four hundred and fifty-six B. twenty-three thousand and four hundred fifty-six C. two three thousand and four five six D. two three thousand, four and five six
18. After two years physical training, he was__________ and healthier. A. weaker B. longer C. stronger D. shorter 19. Our city is cleaner than it ________ be. A .is used to B. used to C. uses to D. is used 20. ----You look smart today。
---____________ A. Not good B. That’s OK C. What a shame。 D. Thank you 21. I really like the family photo ___ we took on my grandpa’s 80th birthday. A. who B. that C. what D. whose 22. ---All of my classmates have passed the PE test. ---________ exciting the news is。
A. How B. What C. What an D. How an 23. ---It’s my turn to give a report I feel so nervous. ---Just _________. I bet you’re the best. A. give it up B. go away C. take it easy D. have no idea 24. Which of the following words has a different stress pattern(重音)from the others? A. daily B. basket C. country D. fifteen 25. Which part is the VERB of the following sentence “Tom rides his bike to school every day.”? A. “Tom” B. “rides” C. “his bike” D. “every day” Ⅲ.完形填空(共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳答案。 One place that is very important in my life is my grandmothers house. She 1 in a small village in the south of the country. I go there every summer, to visit my grandmother, 2 the city and relax. The village is just a group of white houses on a hillside with some shops, and it’s 3 peaceful. One reason why I like it is because it's a beautiful place. My grandmother has a lovely garden and we always sit 4 the trees, drinking sweet tea and chatting. It's so pleasant. But the main reason why this place is so important to me is 5 . She is so kind to me, and wonderful to talk to.
Also, she’s a great cook and the meals she prepares are simple 6 so fresh and. rich? No, no, I mean tasty. And she's always giving me eh. What do you call 7 ? -small plates of food during the day, so I always return home feeling calm and refreshed and 8 。
I wouldn’t like 9 there, though. I prefer living in the city. I’m a city person. I 10 live in a small village where everybody knows each other. I’d rather live in a busy, exciting place. But I really love visiting the villages for holiday. 1.A. lived 2. A. get up 3. A. really 4. A. in B. will live C. lives C. get to C. only C. on D. was living D .get ready for D. hardly D. under D. the teacher D. but D. us D. lazy D. to love D. should B. get away from B. quietly B. over B. my friend B. and B. me B. ugly 5. A. local people 6. A. or 7. A. him 8. A. fat C. my grandmother C. so C. them C. big 9. A. living B. to live C. loving C. would 10. A. don't have to B. couldn't IV.阅读理解(共15小题；每小题2分，满分30分) 阅读材料，根据其内容判断材料后各个小题正、误。正确的选A，错误的选B。 1. This is a tour advertisement. 2. The 15-day circle tour costs 3,790 dollars per person. 3. You will visit 10 countries in this circle tour. 4. You can book the tour on June 18th, 2018. 5. You will take the plane during your tour. B
阅读短文，根据其内容回答文后各个小题。 Alice in Wonderland Chapter 2 Alice was not hurt, so she jumped to her feet in a moment. She looked up, and found the White Rabbit was still in sight. She was close behind it when she turned the comer, but the Rabbit was no longer to be seen. She found herself in a long, low hall. There were doors all around the hall, but they were all locked. Alice walked sadly down the middle, wondering how she was ever to get out again. Suddenly, she came upon a little three-legged table. There was nothing on it but a tiny golden key, and Alice's first idea was that this might belong to one of the doors of the hall. But, alas。 Either the locks were too large, or the key was too small. However, on the second time round, she came upon a low curtain she had not noticed before and behind it was a little door. She tried the little golden key in the lock, and she was pleased to find it fitted。 6. The hall where Alice stayed is___________. A long and low B. big and high C. wide and low D. big and wide 7. What did Alice want to do when she got to the hall? A. She wanted to know how to get some food B. She wanted to know where her sister was C. She wanted to find out how to get out again D. She wanted to meet the Rabbit 8. Where did Alice find the tiny golden key? 9. How did Alice feel when the gold key fitted into a lock? A. Tired B. Shocked C. Happy D. Interested 10. Which is TRUE according to the passage? A. Alice had never seen the White Rabbit before she got to the hall B. Some of the doors around the hall were locked C. Alice noticed the little door as soon as she entered the hall D. The passage is from Alice in Wonderland.
What Does a Lifelong Learner Look Like? Lifelong learners never think of themselves as the greatest expert in anything. They continue to learn and bring a great deal to the groups they belong to. What does a lifelong learner look like? Here are some of their main characteristics(特征). ●They are knowledge seekers. They are always searching for much information on a topic they’re interested in and looking for new experience or opportunities to improve their knowledge or skills. ●They are social and self-directed learners. They like taking different courses and taking part in discussions around subjects they are interested in. _________ They also know their own learning styles, and their strengths and weaknesses. They can plan and organize their own learning. ●They are critical(批判性的) thinkers. They always use a lot of ways to analyze(分析) and synthesize(合成)information From their research they judge the information to see if it is useful for the question at hand. ●They are problem solvers. They will meet different problems while learning. However, they usually see problems as challenges and life experiences and try to stand above them. 11. What does the underlined "knowledge seekers" mean? A. Persons who are looking for knowledge. B. Persons who are teaching knowledge C. Persons whose jobs are inventing knowledge D. Persons who are testing knowledge. 12. What can be put in the blank(空白处)? A. They don't like learning on society. B. They learn both from and with others C. They learn from plants and animals D. They invite each other to parties 13. Which of the following most clearly shows you are a critical thinker? A. You always use a lot of ways to analyse and synthesize information
B. You believe in the information you get and use them in your study C. You correct mistakes someone makes as soon as you find them. D. You ask others for help when you cant correct your own mistakes 14. How is the passage organized?(P= Paragraph) 15. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To describe the height, clothes and hairstyle of a lifelong learner B. To explain the relationship between common people and lifelong learners C. To suggest lifelong learners become experts D. To introduce some of the main characteristics lifelong learners have V.任务型完形填空（共10空；每空1分，满分10分） 用方框中所给单词或短语的适当形式填空，使短文通顺、正确、连贯，每个单词或短语限用一次。 first, only, use, it, dream of, another, speak, with, sea, easy English World Language Once people 1 a language that everybody in the world could understand. Now, for the 2 time in human history, perhaps there is one—English. It is the official language in more than 50 countries and 250-300 million people 3 it as a second language. Some say that half the world will be speaking it in the year 2050. Difficult to Master? English is not the 4 language to learn---most of its common verbs are irregular and it has a large vocabulary--at least 200, 000 words are in common use. User-friendly But some things make 5 easy. For example, nouns don’t have gender(性别)and the usages of verbs are simpler than other languages. There is 6 one form to speak to someone directly-“you". Adjectives don’ t agree 7 nouns, and many nouns are often also verbs. English Is Everywhere
Some other languages may have more speakers, like Chinese. But English 8 in many different areas. It is the language of transport: most airline pilots and air-traffic controllers use it. At 9 English is the international language of communication. The Future of English What is the future of English as a global language? Will 10 language ever replace it? Many think not-it is already too popular. Ⅵ.任务型阅读理解(共5小题；每小题2分，满分10分) 阅读下面的文章并按要求完成1至5小题。
Root Vegetables Would you like to eat a root? You probably already have. People and animals eat many kinds of roots. ①Most roots that people eat are usually called root vegetables. A root vegetable is what we call veggies that grow underground. A carrot is one type of root vegetable. It is the orange, edible root of the carrot plant. , is another root vegetable. It is a ②to, many, in, like, people, salad, put, it(.) A turnipmember of the cabbage family. Turnips are usually eaten boiled, steamed, roasted, fried, pickled, or even raw. ③Although some people do not consider potatoes to be a veggie, but they are a root vegetable. People like to eat them mashed, boiled, and fried. Sweet potatoes, yams, beets, and leeks are some other root vegetables that people like to eat. 1.将文中①处画线句子翻译为汉语。
2.将文中②处画线单词连词成句，标点符号已在括号内给出。 3.文中③处画线句子有一处错误，改正并抄写。 4. What is this story mostly about? 5. What is a root vegetable? Ⅶ.口语交际（共5空；每空2分；满分10分) 阅读下面的对话，根据上下文，从方框内选择恰当的选项补全对话，使句意完整、符合逻。
（其中有两项为多余选项） Li Hua met a foreigner on his way home. L is for Li Hua; F is for the foreigner. F: Excuse me. I'm afraid I am lost. 1
L: Sure。 Let me see, You're now here near the bus station, the heart of the city. F: Oh, yes. 2 L: Co straight down, and then turn left, go straight, and at the third crossing you’ll see it ion your right. F: 3 L: About thirty minutes walk. And you can also take the No. 1 Bus from this bus station and go ___5 stops, You need to get off at Peoples Park, Renming Gongyuan in Chinese. 4 F: Okay… Thank you。 L: No problem, And, you can also ride a shared bike. Do you have AliPay on your phone? 5 F: Thanks a lot. L: You’ re welcome. A. Well, how can I get to the nearest bookstore from here? B. If you do, you can go there on the bike. C. That’s all right. D. Could you tell me where I am on this map? E. Ten minutes is enough, if the traffic is good. F. It’s my first day in the city. G. How long will it take to walk there? Ⅷ.词汇考查(共15小题；每小题1分，满分15分) A)根据句意，用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。 1. An apple_________(keep )the doctor away. 2. Too much sugar is bad for your________(tooth). 3. The days of spring are_________(wind) and bright. 4. You shouldn’t be too hard on ________(you). 5. Many April Fool’s jokes may end up __________(be) not very funny. 6. I haven't seen them _____________(recent). 7. This machine can______________(translate) simple messages into 24 different languages. 8. I have already asked him________________(two)but he hasn’t given me any reply. 9. Please be quiet. The children_____________(sleep). 10. My father usually goes to work early_____________(avoid)heavy traffic.
11. The train arrived at the station 20 minutes late. A. reached B. got C. left D. passed 12. A lot of people are coming to the meeting. A. A few B. A little C. A bit of D. A large number of 13. The table is inexpensive but well-made. A. cheap B. comfortable C. wonderful D. colourful 14. Acting has brought me great enjoyment. A. movement B. pleasure C. luck D. success 15. The little boy finished his painting all by himself. A. his own B. along C. alone D. together with him IX.按要求完成句子。（共10小题；每空1分，满分20分）（每空限填一词） A）按括号内要求转换下列句型。
1. The sweater is 20 dollars.(对画线部分提问) _______ _______ is the sweater? 2. Could you please be there at
5:00?(改为祈使句) _______ _______ at
5:00, please。 3. How’s the weather today?(改为同义句) ______ the weather _______ today? 4. At first, he didn’t know what he could do in the new group.(改为简单句) At first, he didn’t know _________ _________ do in the new group. 5. This volleyball must belong to Carla.(改为否定句). This volleyball _________ __________Carla’s. B)根据所给语提示完成下列句子。 6.改过不嫌晚。 It’s never _______ late ______ mend. 7. 除非我们仔细点，否则我们不能把工作做好。 _________ we are careful, we can’t do our work __________. 8. 我国已和一百多个国家建立了外交关系。 Our country has established diplomatic relations with __________ _________ 100 countries.
_________ only one copy left, we’ll have to ________. 10. 罗马不是一天建成的。 Rome _________ _________ in a day. X. 书面表达（满分15分） “读万卷书，行万里路”，旅行是学习的最好方式之一。请以“Travelling”为题，根据以下思维导图的提示，写一篇短文，发表你的看法。
注意：1．要点齐全，适当发挥； 2．从思维导图Saying部分选择恰当的格言合理利用在短文中； 3．句子及篇章结构准确、连贯，书写规范； 4．词数：80-100词左右； 5．文中不得出现考生的真实姓名、学校及其它任何个人相关信息。
甘肃省白银市2018年中考英语试题 参考答案 I. 单词辨音 （共5小题；每小题1分，满分5分） 1-5 DACBD II. 语法与情景对话（共25小题；每小题1分，满分25分） 1-5 BACCD 6-10 BDCAB 11-15 ADCAB 16-20 CACBD 21-25 BACDB III. 完形填空（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 1-5 CBADC 6-10 DCABB IV. 阅读理解（共15小题；每小题2分，满分30分） 1-5 AABBA 6-10 ACBCD 11-15 ABACD[来源:学。科。
网Z。X。X。V. 任务型完形填空（共10空；每空1分，满分10分） 1. dreamed of 6. only 2. first 7. with 3. speak 8. is used 4. easiest 9. sea 5. it 10. another[来源:学§ VI. 任务型阅读理解（共5小题；每小题2分，满分10分） 1. 人们所食用的大部分根菜通常被叫做根菜类蔬菜。（答案符合本意即可酌情给分） 2. Many people like to put it in salad. 3. Although some people do not consider potatoes to be a veggie, they are a root vegetable. 4. Root vegetables people eat. （答案符合本意即可酌情给分）[来源:学.科.网] 5. A root vegetable is what we call veggies that grow underground. （答案符合本意即可酌情给分） VII. 口语交际（共5空；每空2分，满分10分） 1-5 DAGEB VIII. 词汇考查（共15小题；每小题1分，满分15分） A) 根据句意，用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。 1. keeps 6. recently 2. teeth 7. translate 3. windy 8. twice 4. yourself/yourselves 9. are sleeping 5. being 10. to avoid B) 选出与句子画线部分意思相同或相近的选项。
11-15 ADABC IX. 按要求完成句子。（共10小题；每空1分，满分20分）（每空限填一词）[来源:]
A) 按括号内要求转换下列句型。 1. How much 4. what to 2. Be there 5. can’t be 3. What’s; like B) 根据所给汉语提示完成下列句子。
[来源:学科网ZXXK] 6. too; to 7. Unless; well 10. wasn’t built 8. more than 9. There’s; share 注：此题答案，复合题意即可给分。 X. 书面表达（满分15分） One possible version: Travelling Travelling is one of the best ways for learning. You may have read or heard about something, but you can never get an exact picture of it until you see it yourself. Seeing is believing. Furthermore, if you are a careful observer, you can learn much during your travel about the geography, biology and history of the places you visit. While travelling, you can meet more people and make more friends. You can also create great memories for your lifetime. No matter how well educated you are, there is always a lot for you to learn through travelling. 评分建议: 先根据文章整体内容和语言表达确定档次，然后在该档次内评出分数。 第五档：（15~13分） 很好地完成了规定的写作任务。包含所有内容要点，结构完整，语句流畅，意思清楚、连贯。使用较为丰富的语法结构和词汇，语法和词汇错误极少，格式正确，书写规范。
基本上包含所有内容要点，结构较为完整，语句完整，意思清楚。语法结构和词汇错误较少，格式基本正确，书写较为规范。 第三档：（9~7分） 基本上完成了规定的写作任务。
包含主要内容要点，结构欠完整，少数语句不通顺，意思基本清楚。语法结构和词汇错误较多，格式基本正确，书写基本规范。 第二档：（6~4分） 未能按要求完成规定的写作任务。
完整，意思不够清楚。语法结构和词汇错误较多，影响理解，格式不够正确，书写欠规范。 第一档：（3~0分） 未能按要求完成规定的写作任务。只写出个别要点，结构不完整，多数语句不完整或意思不明，语法和词汇错误很多，书写不规范。 特别提示: 如果所写内容与题目要求无关, 无论语言、结构正确与否一律不得分.
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